Without any variation, the listener can get bored and will likely skip to the next song. In the world of beat-making, where repetition is so prevalent that it can become overwhelming, finding this compromise is especially important. The majority of modern hip-hop beats can be broken down into only a few standard elements: a kick, a snare, a high-frequency percussion sound, a bass, and a melodic element. Keep in mind that these elements can be added in any order that you like; the only requirement is that all elements work together rhythmically.
The kick is the foundation, emphasizing downbeats and providing momentum by accentuating any off-beats that you deem fit. We can use one snare sound for both the main and ghost snare hits, or the ghost hits can be played with a lighter snare for a deeper sonic palette.
We can even start adding further variation here by adding an additional snare layer to some of the snare hits. The high percussion can be anything from a single closed hi-hat or percussion instrument to a whole group of interplaying percussion sounds. Many modern trap beats, for example, use only one closed hi-hat for high-frequency percussion, using several different rhythmic phrases for variation.
If you spend a bit of time to perfect the rhythmic phrasing, you can get away with these three drum sounds kick, snare, and CHH comprising your entire drum groove. To add some sonic variation and create a more interesting drum kit, we can start to add some additional percussion sounds. This technique also has the added benefit of maintaining a consistent sonic palette in the drum kit as the closed hi-hat sound fulfills the open hi-hat role , but the technique reduces sonic variation.
Like an open hi-hat, characteristic percussion one-shots can be used to accentuate certain beats. This can help to create a more interesting and unique drum kit, rather than using the drum sounds found in standard hip-hop kits found throughout popular music.
We can stray even further from standard drum instrumentation by having a percussion groove fully take the place of the closed hi-hat, becoming the main driving force in our rhythmic phrasing. Again, this will make the beat more unique, while still providing the groove reinforcement that we got from the closed hi-hat.
Notice that, while having a more stripped-down feel, we maintain some rhythmic momentum. We can combine all the above elements to create a drum groove and kit with plenty of sonic variation. With the drums out of the way, a bass will help to provide some tonality and outline the chord progression within the beat. This legendary drum machine was instrumental in the development of hip-hop production during the early s and continues to impact the industry to this day.
While you can certainly get away with simple bass notes layered with the kick drums, some additional notes that create more of a defined bassline can really help to add momentum to the groove. You hear this a lot in modern hip-hop with the bass gliding from note to note. I felt this would work best with the vibe we have going so far. With this foundation in place, a melodic element helps to round things off.
What you end up choosing for this melodic layer is up to your own imagination and composition, but should make harmonic sense with the bassline. You can go for something super linear that progresses over time, providing tons of variation and relying on the drum groove to provide repetition. The majority of hip-hop songs will at least have these five elements and a rap vocal, but you can obviously add more elements for additional variation. In the context of a vocal, which should be the focal point for the listener, the beat should not be distracting and is only there to provide momentum and a consistent rhythm.
This is the reason that a lot of modern hip-hop beats use a looped melodic element, as this is less distracting and allows the listener to focus more on the vocal. Variation is often provided by creating differences in the instrumentation from one song section to the next. A great way to learn which rhythmic phrases and tricks work is to just listen to a lot of beats.
Try to pick out common rhythmic phrases and the placement of certain drum sounds in the groove. For example, an open hi-hat or closed hi-hat roll is often placed between a downbeat kick hit and backbeat snare hit listen to its placement in the sample beat.
These types of rhythms make the groove more infectious by encouraging the listener to move in a certain way. You can take your active listening even further by bringing a beat you like into an audio track in your DAW. Instead, you can just solo that audio channel and stay in the production environment. With the track in your DAW, you can loop sections for more detailed analysis, using the grid to actually see how the groove is structured rhythmically. There are several ways to help improve your abilities as a beat-maker:.
While there are certainly plenty of standard techniques that people have come to expect, there are a TON of beat-makers who only blindly follow these methods. Find a way to give the standard grooves your own spin. Take one of your favorite beats and recreate it, trying to copy not only the rhythm and notes, but also the actual drum and instrument sounds themselves.
This helps to shine some light on the rhythms and melodic phrases that professional beat-makers use, as well as to develop your sample choice and sound design abilities. All of this helps to eliminate the mystery in what your favorite producers are doing when they compose a beat.
As we covered at the start, a simple beat really only has five to ten total elements. This forces you to think fast and helps to accelerate the learning process. Making beats, and making music in general, is just a muscle that you have to develop. Recording and composing with your own samples is another great way to gain some perspective on beat-making.
A kick drum, for example, needs to have some low-end thump as well as a punchy higher-frequency transient. The beat I was making in this scenario called for a somewhat industrial feel. Therefore, I recorded myself hitting a metal trash can with a pencil for my hi-hat. I found this process to be less constrictive than simply throwing a beat together, pushing me to actually understand what I was doing rather than basing my composition on my tendencies and habits.
There are plenty of resources out there to support those who want to improve their beat-making abilities. You really only need a DAW or beat-making software to get started, but after that, any other resources are just going to help you improve.
A deep sample library is the most helpful tool in this learning process. Inevitably, the samples available to you will affect your composition decisions. Recording your own samples can be pretty tedious, so using a sample database like Splice. A MIDI controller with some drum pads can also be helpful for beat-making.
While you can certainly set up a drum groove by clicking MIDI notes into your DAW, being able to play the drum groove helps to internalize the process of creating rhythms. The more that you feel rhythm, rather than simply conceptualize it, the easier it will be to create beats that resonate with people. Lastly, beat-making apps for smartphones can help to speed up the learning process.
Play with the parameters of each sound in your drum kit. Experiment and find your signature style. For the Snare I cut a lot of the high frequencies using the High Cut knob. This makes the Snare less aggressive.
I also tweaked the Tuning knob to get a frequency that fit the beat. Here are the new settings:. Always tweak until it sounds right. The Tom needed to be pitched down. To pitch a sound up or down play with the Pitch knob until it fits. Play with the velocity to change how fast and with how much pressure a note or beat is played.
This will make your beat more dynamic. Listen for the subtle shifts in velocity:. Time to throw some samples in there! A lot of producers will chop them up into bite-size hits and trigger them with a midi controller to find the best way to fit them into a track. Each DAW has its own intuitive way of chopping up samples. The arrangement view is a horizontal view made for composing and finishing your track. Switch to Arrangement view by selecting the icon with horizontal bars in the top right corner.
Paste it in the Arrangement view in an Audio track. Go back to Session view and copy the sample you want to use. Paste it to the arrangement view in a new Audio Track. Arrange your samples where they sound best. Make them shorter. Move them around. Duplicate them. Try things out! Make variations of your drum loop.
Go to a particular clip and remove or add some parts. Hot tip : Grab the corner of a clip and drag it. This lets you easily remove a part without having to do it on each clip. Listen to your beat in a loop. Are you bobbing your head yet?
The advantage of a DAW is that you can try anything by copying, pasting, deleting and undoing phew. Once you know the basics of beat making, make it a goal to make a beat every day. If you need some inspiration from the pros, check out this video of Four Tet making a crazy beat in 10 minutes using Ableton.
Why not start your first beat for free with Creator! Lately, the genre has taken the…. Skip to primary navigation Skip to main content. Everyone is making beats these days and it makes sense why. But how to make beats that stand out from the crowd? Make it dynamic Throw in samples Alright, ready to learn? Find your producer palette Beat making is just like painting. The sounds you choose will help to guide your process from the start. There are many approaches to choosing your sounds.
Virtual instruments The second approach is to use the instruments that come with your DAW. Open up your DAW Time to start building! Stay organized with your samples from the get-go. When you decide to move the Ableton project folder all your samples will be where you need them.
The way most people use it is as the smallest action within a screenplay. For example, Stories can be broken down into acts, acts can break into sequences, sequences can be broken into scenes then finally scenes into Beats. What is a Beat in a screenplay? For example, If the character stands up from a chair, then walks out of the door, that would be two beats.
It is placed between dialogue lines. Its seen as that one moment of reflectio n. Script readers dislike this. Some people say not to use it at all which I personally agree with. In a very rare situation, I used this once within a page script.
So I would caution against it as much as possible. For most beats, you can write this in the action line. For example in this screenplay the character Kelly always drove the character Damian around. The picking up of the car keys can visually show this was the last straw.
How many beats are in this example? The answer is two. Grabbing the car keys and waking out the door. Beats can be added by the director when shooting but as far as the screenplay there are only two. Kelly grabbing the car keys looks like a close-up. Her walking out the door looks like a medium or wide shot with Damian standing there speechless.
The beat only changes with the character changes what they are currently doing. A scene will have multiple beats, each beat deepens the conflict. This is what builds the character. Like Aristotle said a character is nothing but habitual action. Plot beats are the skeleton of a screenplay.
They are formulated to guide the writer in the right direction of a complete story. I personally hate this. I think it ruins the story and we end up with the same stories every year. Lets review Blake Snyders 15 beats of a screenplay. Opening — Something that visually represents the struggle and tone of the whole story. Theme part of the setup — What is this all about. A lot of the time said by the main character. Catalyst — The thing that makes the characters life change forever.
An example may be the letter received or the firing from the job. A debate is the next stage on your beat sheet. Are they going to suffer through, and hope things improve on their own or are they going to step off that ledge and take the journey? Connected to their debate, you need to give why the protagonist should move forward at all.
In the end, no one goes through a quest without having a reason. Give them a reason. This is where the real difficult stuff starts and where their life will change — for better or for worse. Now that the main plot is finally kicking into high gear, the subplot or subplots can start to develop. The subplot will oftentimes be where love stories happen, for example.
Your subplot carries a lot of weight so you should be devoting a good amount of attention and energy to it overall, the outline of which should be apparent on your beat sheet. If the main story line is good and impactful, the subplot will act as a delicious side-dish. Ultimately, the subplot should weave into the main plot within the final act. The high-stakes stuff is definitely important, but this is what re-focuses and engages the audience so that they keep moving forward.
Want your screenplay to have lots of shoot-outs, funny moments, or drama? Things are either spiralling downwards or coming together. The protagonist is either feeling their best or their absolute worst. The bad guys or external events are starting to close in on your character and things are taking a turn for the worst.
Good has had its spotlight for a while, but the enemy finally has the upper hand. Our protagonist will start experiencing a slip in confidence and will have to contend with not just the evil forces at hand, but also emerging feelings of fear, doubt, anger, frustration, and emotional exhaustion. Things are looking pretty hopeless right now and it looks like the forces of bad might actually win the day this time. Our hero has finally reached rock bottom and is feeling more than disheartened right now.
Sometimes our lives have to fall apart before all the pieces can fit back together. It can only be up from here. Things are finally all falling together. This is also where the moral of the story becomes clear to audience and hero alike. Well they finally did it. Our hero has completed their journey and have had a dramatic transformation because of it.
They will never be the same. For the final scene, make sure to give the audience an image that shows this transformation is real and true. Tackle the trickiest areas of screenwriting with our exclusive eBooks. Get all our FREE resources when you join 60, filmmakers on our mailing list! Thanks for signing up, now please check all your email folders incl junk mail! Something went wrong. We respect your privacy and take protecting it seriously. Thank you, great article of great help. My philosophy on sub-plots is that they should add to the main theme of the film by sending the message with an alternate story or adding an additional aspect to the theme.
Hopefully it will help me complete them, by providing a much needed skeleton to hold them up from beginning, middle and ending. What is a Beat Sheet? The goal is to gather together all of these beats into one place and to organize them in a logical, impactful way that will further guide the direction and structure of your screenplay.
Before you even touch the canvas you have to think about your colors. Before opening your DAW, put together a collection of sounds. Download it and you can follow along too! Give it a try! Your drumrack contains all the percussive elements of your beat. You will spend time here finding the right snare, kick, high hats, claps, and more. Virtual instruments contain high-quality samples from the best and most iconic music gear. You should always be adding to your collection by downloading free VSTs whenever you find them.
It will save you major headaches in the future. Once you create your Ableton session, save it right away. Put your sample folder in the Ableton project folder. Hot tip: I even have folders for my Ableton projects by month so I keep track of my progression. Audio tracks are also for recording vocals or an external instrument. Session view is the default when you open a session. The tracks are laid out vertically. Use it to drag in your samples and start playing with ideas.
Drag it on a MIDI track. Click on the first clip slot of the track. Add the Snare Drum. But it can be anything you want, like a high-hat, a sample of your studio door locking, or anything else that fits. Listen to how it sounds with the Rim:. Click on the title bar of your drum track. Play with the parameters of each sound in your drum kit. Experiment and find your signature style. For the Snare I cut a lot of the high frequencies using the High Cut knob.
This makes the Snare less aggressive. I also tweaked the Tuning knob to get a frequency that fit the beat. Here are the new settings:. Always tweak until it sounds right. The Tom needed to be pitched down. To pitch a sound up or down play with the Pitch knob until it fits. Play with the velocity to change how fast and with how much pressure a note or beat is played. This will make your beat more dynamic.
Listen for the subtle shifts in velocity:. Time to throw some samples in there! A lot of producers will chop them up into bite-size hits and trigger them with a midi controller to find the best way to fit them into a track.
Each DAW has its own intuitive way of chopping up samples. The arrangement view is a horizontal view made for composing and finishing your track. Switch to Arrangement view by selecting the icon with horizontal bars in the top right corner. Paste it in the Arrangement view in an Audio track.
Go back to Session view and copy the sample you want to use. Paste it to the arrangement view in a new Audio Track. Arrange your samples where they sound best. Make them shorter. Move them around. Duplicate them.
Try things out! Which is completely possible. Would you drive around and listen to it? Could you hear it bumping out of a car driving by you? Can someone just sit in their dorm room and chill listening to it? Can it be played at a party and get everybody hype?
I hate to say it but I have lost a few songs to this issue. I would make songs and then the songs would sit in a folder for 2 years. I would decide to use the song, then go to buy the beat and it was sold. So I lose the song and have to deal with it. Which is completely possible 4 Would people YOU know listen to it?
The engineer will apply autotune, both multiple and trackout options to write, sing or mix. Tony Rogers has an M. If your song gets rejected, be sold to one customer it was rejected and how. Great sense of pop and. Gemtracks houses award-winning melody composers. I will arrange and record or pitch of your lyrics song sound even better. Enter the Music Industry A into popular playlists, reviewed in for the same beat, all beats listed on Gemtracks are. Want to add some powerful. I self-produced and recorded my first album which was praised. Your beat will set the vibe and structure of your.Like all stories, movies and TV shows are made up of moments that build upon each other to create a cohesive whole. In any given scene. The beat is the basis of rhythm and momentum in contemporary music. In this article, we'll cover how they're constructed and how to make. At its core, beat sheets are really simple – they're just a list of major plot events and important frames to help make writing a little.